The Shut Up and Shoot Documentary Guide

The Shut Up and Shoot Documentary Guide
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So you want to make a documentary, but think you don't have a lot of time, money, or experience? It's time to get down and dirty! Down and dirty is a filmmaking mindset. It's the mentality that forces you to be creative with your resources. It's about doing more with less. Get started NOW with this book and DVD set, a one-stop shop written by a guerrilla filmmaker, for guerrilla filmmakers. You will learn how to make your project better, faster, and cheaper. The pages are crammed with 500 full-color pictures, tips from the pros, resources, checklists and charts, making it easy to find what you need fast.

The DVD includes:

* Video and audio tutorials, useful forms, and interviews with leading documentary filmmakers like Albert Maysles (Grey Gardens), Sam Pollard (4 Little Girls), and others

* 50+ Crazy Phat Bonus pages with jump start charts, online resources, releases, storyboards, checklists, equipment guides, and shooting procedures

Here's just a small sampling of what's inside the book:

* Putting together a crew

* Choosing a camera

* New HDV and 24P cameras

* Shooting in rough neighborhoods

* Interview skills and techniques

* 10 ways to lower your budget

* Common production forms

Note: if you purchased an ebook version of The Shut Up and Shoot Documentary Guide, the material from the DVD packaged with the print version of the book is now available on a website. Please visit:

www.focalpress.com/cw/artis-9780240809359

CRAZY MAD THANX

PREFACE

INTRODUCTION

1-PREPRODUCTION

GETTING STARTED

. Learning the Filmmaking Process

Film Books

DVD Extras

Podcasts

Workshops

Cable TV

Instructional DVDs

Web Sites

Crewing

Doing

. Been There, Done That: Why Make a Documentary?-Albert Maysles

. Doc Preproduction

Introduction

Documentary Goal

GETTING THE IDEA

. Brainstorming Your Idea

. The Importance of Research

. Been There, Done That: Research and Fact Checking-Safi ya Mcclinton

. Interview Subjects

. Approach and Storytelling

. Been There, Done That: Concept and Storytelling-Sam Pollard

. The Production Plan

GETTING THE MONEY

. Been There, Done That: How to Raise Money-Michelle Coe

. Budgeting Your Doc

Budgeting Forms

Budgeting Software

Estimating Costs

. Hot Tip: 4 Common Budgeting Mistakes

. Been There, Done That: Raising the M-O-N-E-Y-Rose Rosenblatt & Marion Lipschutz

. Hot Tip: 10 Ways to Lower Your Budget

. Where to Find Prices

. Budgeting-A Final Word

GETTING THE GEAR

. Choosing an Equipment Package

. Been There, Done That: Using and Learning the Tools of the Trade-Susan Buice and Arin Crumley

. Video Formats 101

What's Up with High Def?

. A Quick Lesson in Tech Video

What Are Pixels?

What Is Resolution?

Progressive vs. Interlaced

HDV Image Size and Resolution

. Hot Tip: What to Look for in a Camera

. The Guide to the Camera Guide

. Camera Guide Key

Canon 3-Chip Mini-DV Camera Guide

JVC and Panasonic 3-Chip Mini-DV Camera Guide

Sony 3-Chip Mini-DV Camera Guide

. Buying vs. Renting

. Hot Tip: Educational Equipment Access

. Doc Equipment Packages

. Hot Tip: 5 Tips for Traveling with Equipment

. Before You Shoot

Be Practical

GETTING THE CREW

. The Doc Crew

. Good Crew, Bad Crew

Introduction

Good Crew Members

Bad Crew Members

. Been There, Done That: The Producer-Director Relationship-Christina Dehaven

. Assembling a Crew

. The Crew Meeting

. Feeding the Crew

. Hot Tip: 5 Down and Dirty Food Ideas

2-LOCATION, LOCATION, LOCATION

MANAGING LOCATIONS

. Shooting on Location

Managing Arrangements with Your Subjects

Interview Locations

. Location Management 101

Introduction

. Sensitive Location Overview

. PR Reps and Media Liaisons

LOCATION LOGISTICS

. Hot Tip: How Not to Get Your Camera Jacked

Dealing with PR Reps and Other Media Liaisons

Doc Location Ethics

The Exception to the Rule

. Been There, Done That: Being Prepared for Remote Locations-Alrick Brown and Micah Schaffer

. Transportation Considerations

. Hot Tip: Stealth Shooting Tactics 101

OTHER LOCATION ISSUES

. Location Releases and Insurance

Location Releases

Location Insurance

. Insurance Issues

Do You Really Need Insurance?

Shooting Without Insurance

. Hot Tip: Shooting in Da 'Hood

3-IMAGE CONTROL AND CAMERA WORK

IMAGE BASICS

. Basics of Image Control

Introduction

. Focus

Hallmark of the Pros

Common Focus Hazards

. Exposure

Light Is Good

Aperture and F-Stops

. Zebra Stripes and Gain

Your Friend the Zebra Stripes

Using Gain to Boost Exposure

. Color Temperature

Color Temperature Basics (Very Basic)

. White Balance

When to White Balance

White Balance Special Effects

Mixed Sun and Indoor Lighting

. Shutter Speed Basics

Motion and Shutter Speed

. Shutter Speed and Movement

BEYOND THE BASICS

. Hot Tip: Creating a "Film Look"

. Manual vs. Auto Functions

Use Manual Controls

. When to Use Auto Functions

Auto Zoom vs. Manual Zoom

Surprises and Panics

Run-and-Gun Shooting

. Been There, Done That: Capturing Truth-Albert Maysles

. Using the Zoom Control

Adjusting Your Shot

Using the "Digital Zoom" Function

. Handheld Secrets of the Pros

Forget the Tripod and Go Handheld

Handheld Editing Considerations

Motivation and Style

. Handheld Camera Positions

OTHER CAMERA CONSIDERATIONS

. Using Tripods

Introduction

General Tripod Tips

. Pre-Roll and End-Roll

Pre-Roll and End-Roll for Each Shot

. Set Recording Protocol

. Color Bars

Why You Should Use Color Bars

How to Adjust NTSC Color Bars

. Labeling Tapes

Pre-Labeling Blank Tapes

Record Tabs

. Hot Tip: Cleaning Your Lens

4-LIGHTING

SAFETY AND TOOLS

. Electricity and Safety

Electricity Considerations

Safety Considerations

. Lighting Safety Tip Sheet

. How Not to Blow A Circuit

. Lighting Tools of the Trade

3- AND 4-POINT LIGHTING

. Interview Lighting Setups

Introduction

Learning and Mastering the Craft

. The Key Light Light

Setting Up Your Key Light

. Hair Light and Backlight

Hair Light

Background Light

The Cookie Effect

. The Fill Light

Fill Light Alternatives

. Controlling Light Intensity

. Down and Dirty DV Gel Guide

. Anatomy of an Interview Kit

. Hot Tip: 3 Tips for Shooting in Low Light

. Miscellaneous Lighting Tips

. Setting Up Lights in 5 Easy Steps

. Lighting Cookbook

Practical Lighting Setup

4-Point Lighting Setup

Simple Lighting Setup

Window Lighting Setup

Anonymous Lighting Setup

2-Subject Light Setup

Blacklight Setup

5-SOUND RECORDING

SOUND TOOLS OF THE TRADE

. Basic Sound Package

. Intermediate Sound Package

. Microphones-Boom Mics

Introduction

Boom Mics

. 8 Quick Tips aor Better Booming

. Good Boom, Bad Boom

. Booming Technique

. Microphones-Lavs and Handhelds

Lavalier Mics

Handheld Mics

Wireless Mics

. Mounting a Lav Mic

Handling Subjects

RECORDING TECHNIQUES

. Hot Tip: 2 Subjects, but only 1 Lav Mic

. The Right Mic for the Job

. Recording Sound Levels

Riding Levels

Where Should Your Needle Peak?

Beware of Prosumer Camera Audio Meters

. Why Use a Mixer?

. Using a Field Mixer

. Other Mixer Features

Limiter

Lo-Cut Filter

Pan Knob

Monitor In

Tone Generator

Slate

. 5 Sound Rules to Live By

. Location Sound Recording

Don't Just Look, Listen to Your Location

. Location Sound Hazards

OTHER SOUND TYPE STUFF

. Down and Dirty DV Cable Guide

. Miscellaneous Sound Tips

Breakaway Cables

Coiling Cables

Hiding Mics

. How to Use Sound Blankets

Shooting in Rooms with Echo

How to Eggroll a Sound Blanket

6-COMPOSITION AND COVERAGE

WHAT IT LOOK LIKE?

. Aspect Ratios

Which Aspect Ration Should You Shoot?

Widescreen Options

. Shooting Widescreen DV

. Hot Tip: Down and Dirty Widescreen

. Composition Basics

Introduction

. Composition Tricks

Hiding Undesirable Backgrounds

Cheating Backgrounds

. Lens Focal Length

. Telephoto and Wide-Angle Lenses

. Don't Just Tell 'Em, Show 'Em

The Audience Wants to See Your Story

POV Shots Put the Audience There

. The Visual Language of Docs

Cover Your Scene (and Your Butt)

Establishing Shots

The Establishing Sequence

Wide Shots (WS)

Medium Shots (MS)

Close Ups (CU)

1-Shots

2-Shots

Over the Shoulder Shots

Reaction/Reverse Shots

Dutch Angles

Dolly Shots

The Full Tilt Boogey

Dramatic Zooms

Executing the Move

Cutaways

. Storytelling and Cutaways

How to Shoot Cutaways

MORE VISUAL STORYTELLING TOOLS

. Your B-Roll Is Your "A" Roll

. Been There, Done That: Doc Storytelling with Animation-John Canemaker

. Depth-of-Field Demystified

Racking Focus

. Hot Tip: Shallow Depth-of-Field

. 10 Tips for Shooting Live Events

7-INTERVIEW PREP

BEFORE THE INTERVIEW

. All About Interviews

Introduction

Get Yourself Together

. Final Preparations

Equipment Prep

Travel

. Arriving at Location

Setup Time

Warm 'Em Up

. Choosing Interview Backgrounds

Storytelling Through Framing

Using Props and Cheating Background

Using Depth and Busy Backgrounds

. Hot Tip: Easy Do-It-Yourself Backdrops

MAKING THEM LOOK GOOD

. Positioning and Eyeline

Subject Positioning

Interviewer Positioning and Eyeline

. How Do I Look?

Clothing

. Video Clothing Issues

. Fixing Faces

. Hot Tip: Easy Powder Makeup

WORKING WITH SUBJECTS

. Talent Releases

Get a Signed Talent Release Form

Getting Release from Major Figures

Verbal Releases

. Been There, Done That: Fair Subject Portrayal and Releases-Albert Maysles

. Briefing Your Subject

. Instructing Subjects

. Hot Tip: Keepin' It "Real"

. Been There, Done That: When Subjects Want to Walk-Rose Rosenblatt & Marion Lipschutz

8-CONDUCTING INTERVIEWS

INTERVIEW QUESTIONS

. Asking Questions and Responding

Introduction

. Form of Questions

. Logical Order of Questions

INTERVIEW TECHNIQUES

. Been There, Done That: Interviewing Resistant Subjects-Safi ya McClinton

. Hot Tip: How to Work a Press Conference

. Interview Preparation and Warm Up

Brainstorm and Write Out Your Questions

Warm 'Em Up

. Listening Skills

. Responding to Your Subject

. Been There, Done That: The Thin Line of Exploitation-Sam Pollard

. The Soapbox Question

. Hot Tip: Interviewing Celebrities

. Monitoring Technical Issues

Interrupting Your Interview to Solve Problems

Using a Monitor and Headphones

Other Things to Look Out For

. Interview Hazards

. The Wrap Out

Before You Call a "Wrap"

Thank Everyone.Profusely

Packing Up

9-POST-PRODUCTION

PREPARING TO EDIT

. The Post-Production Process

It's All About Post

. Viewing & Taking Notes

Viewing All Your Footage

. Logging Footage

Why We Log

Organizing Your Shots

The Log Sheet

Technological Advances in Logging

. Hot Tip: "Automatic" Tape Logging . Transcribing Interviews

EDITING ISSUES

. Who Should Edit Your Film?

. Been There, Done That: Working with Editors-Sam Pollard

. Time Code and DV Tapes

A Quick Lesson on DV Tape

Time Code Problems

. Stock Footage and Music

. Been There, Done That: 7 Commandments of Archival Footage-Rick Prelinger

GETTING IT OUT THERE

. Hot Tip: 5 Reasons to Get Down with Podcasting and Video Sharing

. Been There, Done That: Finding an Audience Online-Susan Buice and Arin Crumley

. Film Festival Strategy

. Been There, Done That: Passion, Business & Filmmaking-Adrian Belic

. 7 Ways to Work a Film Festival

. Been There, Done That: How to Hustle at Sundance-Rebekah Sindoris and Christie Pesicka

ANTHONY'S RECOMMENDED READS

GLOSSARY

INDEX

About the Author

Book and DVD Credits

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